musculoskeletal system- anatomy and terminology


Question Answer
ARTHROCENTESIS INJECTION AND/ OR ASPIRATION OF JOINT
ARTHRODESIS SURGICAL IMMOBILIZATION OF A JOINT
ARTHROGRAPHY RADIOGRAPHY OF JOINT
ARTHROPLASTY RESHAPING OR RECONSTRUCTION OF A JOINT
ARTHROSCOPY USE OF SCOPE TO VIEW INSIDE JOINT
ARTHROTOMY INCISION INTO A JOINT
ARTICULAR PERTAINS TO A JOINT
ASPIRTATION USE OF A NEEDLE AND A SYRINGE TO WITHDRAW FLUID
ATROPHY WASTING AWAY
BUNION HALLUX VALGUS, ABNORMAL INCREASE IN SIZE OF METATARSAL HEAD THAT RESULTS IN DISPLACEMENT OF THE GREAT TOE.
BIRSITIS INFLAMMATION OF BURSA (JOINT SAC)
CHONDRAL REFERRING TO THE CARTILAGE
CLOSED FRACTURE REPAIR NOT SURGICALLY OPENED WITH/WITHOUT MANIPULATION AND WITH/WITHOUT TRACTION
CLOSED TREATMENT FRACTURE SITE THAT IS NOT SURGICALLY OPENED AND VISUALIZED.
COLLES'FRACTURE FRACTURE AT LOWER END OF RADIUS THAT DISPLACES THE BONE POSTERIORLY.
DISLOCATION PLACEMENT IN A LOCATIO OTHER THAN THE ORIGINAL LOCATION
ENDOSCOPY INSPECTION OF BODY ORGANS OR CAVITIES USING A LIGHTED SCOPE THAT MAY BE INSERTED THROUGH AN EXISTING OPENING OR THROUGH A SMALL INCISION
FASCIECTOMY REMOVAL OF THE BAND OF FIBRIOUS TISSUE
FISSURE GROOVE
FRACTURE BREAK IN A BONE
GANGLION KNOT
INTERNAL/EXTERNAL FIXATION APPLICATION OF PINS, WIRES, SCREWS, PLACED EXTERNALLY OR INTRNALLY TO IMMOBILIZE A BODY PART
KYPHOSIS HUMPBACK
LAMINA FLAT PLATE
LIGAMENT FIBROUS BAND OF TISSUE THAT CONNECTS CARTILAGE OR BONE
LORDOSIS ANTERIOR CURVE SPINE
LUMBODYNIA PAIN IN THE LUMBAR AREA
LYSIS RELEASING
MANIPULATION OR REDUCTION ALIGNMENT OF A FRACTURE OR JOINT DISLOCATION TO NORMAL POSITION
OPEN FRACTURE REPAIR SURGICAL OPENING (INCISION) OVER OR REMOTE OPENING AS ACESS TO A FRACTURE SITE
OSTEOARTHRITIS DEGENERATIVE CONDITION OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE
OSTEOCLAST ABSORBS OR REMOVES BONE
OSTEOTOMY CUTTING INTO BONE CUTTING INTO BONE
PERCUTANEOUS FRACTURE REPAIR REPAIR OF A FRACTURE BY MEANS OF PINS AND WIRES INSERTED THROUGH THE FRACTURE SITE
PRECUTANEOUS SKELETAL FIXATION CONSIDERED NEITHER OPEN NOR CLOSED; THE FRACTURE IS NOT VISUALIZED BUT FIXATION IS PLACED ACROSS THE FRACTURE SITE UNDER X-RAY IMAGING
REDUCTION REPLACEMENT TO NORMAL POSITION
SCOLIOSIS LATERAL CURVE OF THE SPINE
SKELETAL TRACTION APPLICATION OF PRESSURE TO BONE BY MEANS OF PINS AND/OR WIRES INSERTED INTO THE BONE
SKIN TRACTION APPLICATION OF PRESSURE TO BONE MEANS OF TAPE APPLIED TO THE SKIN
SYONDYLITIS INFLAMMATION OF VERTEBRAE
SUBLUXATION PARTIAL DISLOCATION
SUPINATION SUPINE POSITION
SYNCHONDROSIS UNION BETWEEN TWO BONES (CONNECTED BY CARTILAGE)
TENDON ATTACHES A MUSCLE TO A BONE
TENODESIS SUTURING OF A TENDON TO A BONE
TENORRHAPHY SUTURE REPAIR OF TENDON
TRACTION APPLICATION OF PRESSURE TO MAINTAIN NORMAL ALIGNMENT
TROCAR NEEDLE NEEDLE WITH A TUBE ON THE END; USED TO PUNCTURE ANS WITHDRAW FLUID FROM A CAVITY
TUBULAR IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THESE BONES LONG BONE
THESE BONES ARE FOUND NEAR JOINTS SESAMOID
THE ZYGOMA IS AN EXAMPLE OF THIS TYPE OF BONE IRREGULAR
THE DIAPHYSIS IS THIS PART OF THE BONE SHAFT
WHICH IS NOT A PART OF THE CRANIUM CONDYLE
THIS IS NOT AN EAR BONE STYLOID
THIS TERM DESCRIBES THE GROWTH PLATE EPIPHYSEAL
THIS IS A DEPRESSION ON THE LATERAL HIP SURFACE INTO WHICH THE HEAD OF FEMUR FITS ACETABULUM
THE TIP OF THE ELBOW IS THE OLECRANON
THIS TERM DESCRIBESAN IMMOVABLE JOINT SYNARTHROSIS
A COMPOUND FRACTURE IS ALSO KNOWN AS A OPEN, BROKEN BONE PENETRATES SKIN
THIS IS A COMMON BONE DISORDER IN POSTMENTOPAUSAL WOMEN RESULTING FROM LOWER LEVELS OF CALCIUM AND POTASSIUM OSTEOPOROSIS
THIS INFLAMMATORY DISEASE IS PROGRESSIVE AND LEADS TO RIGID SPINAL COLUMN ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS
THIS TYPE OF TUMOR ARISES FROM THE BONE CELL OSTEOGENIC
THIS TYPE OF TUMOR IS THE MOST COMMON TYPE OF MALIGNANT BONE TUMOR THAT OCCURS IN THOSE OVER 40 YEARS OF AGE MULTIPLE MYELOMA
A GENERAL MUSCLE INFLAMMATION WITH AN ACCOMPANYING SKIN RASH IS DERMATOMYOSITIS
A CARTILAGE TUMOR THAT USUALLY OCCURS IN MIDDLE-AGE AND OLDER INDIVIDUALS CHONDROSARCOMA
THE RETURNING OF THE BONE TO NORMAL ALIGNMENT IS IMMOBILIZATION
THE RESULT OF OVERUSE OR OVEREXTIONSION OF A LIGAMENT IS SPRAIN
PRIMARY OSTEOARTHRITIS IS ALSO KNOWN AS IDIOPATHIC (UNKNOW ORGIN)
OPEN (COMPOUND)FRACTURE BROKEN BONE PENETRATES SKIN
CLOSED (SIMPLE) FRACTURE BROKEN BONE DOES NOT PENETRATE SKIN
COMPLETE FRACTURE BONE IS BROKEN ALL THE WAY THROUGH
INCOMPLETE FRACTURE BONE IS NOT BROKEN ALL THE WAY THROUGH
CLOSED REDUCTION REALIGNMENT OF BONE FRAGMENTS BY MANIPULATION
IMMOBILIZATION RETURNS TO NORMAL ALIGNMENT AND HOLDS IN PLACE
TRACTION APPLICATION OF PULLING FORCE TO HOLD BONE IN ALIGNMENT
SKELETAL TRACTION USES INTERNAL DEVICES SUCH AS PINS, SCREWS, AND WIRES
SKIN TRACTION STRAPPING, ELASTIC WRAP, OR TAPE ATTACHED TO SKIN TO WHICH WEIGHTS ARE ATTACHED.
NONUNION FAILURE OF BONE ENDS TO GROW TOGETHER
MALUNION INCORRECT ALIGNMENT OF BONE ENDS
DELAYED UNION DELAY OF BONE UNION 8 TO 9 MONTHS
BONE AND SOFT TISSUE DAMAGE USUALLY CAUSED BY TRAUMA IS CALLED DISLOCATION
SOFT TISSUE DAMAGE USUALLY CAUSED BY TRAUMA TO TENDONS AND LIGAMENTS IS CALLED SPRAINS OR A STRAIN
OSTEOMYELITIS BONE INFECTION. USUALLY CAUSED BY BACTERIA
OSTEOMALACIA AND RICKETS SOFTENED ADULT BONES, WHILE RICKETS IS SOFTENED GROWING BONES IN CHILDREN. CAUSED BY VITAMIN D AND PHOSPHATE DEFICIENCY.
OSTEITIS DEFORMANS (PAGETS DISEASE) ABNORMAL BONE REMODELING AND RESORPTION RESULTING IN ENLARGED, SOFT BONES. UNKNOWN CAUSE BUT STRONG GENETIC CONSIDERATIONS.
LORDOSIS ALSO KNOWN AS SWAYBACK INWARD CURVATURE OF THE SPINE
KYPHOSIS ALSO KNOWN AS HUMPBACK OUTWARD CURVATURE OF THE SPINE
SCOLIOSIS LATERAL CURVATURE THE SPINE
SPINA BIFIDA CONGENITAL ABNORMALITY IN WHICH VERTEBRAE DO NOT CLOSE CORRECTLY AROUND THE SPINAL CORD
BURSITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSA (JOINT SAC)
ARTHRITIS INFLAMMATION OF THE JOINTS
OSTEOARTHRITIS DEGENERATIVE OR WEAR/TEAR.
DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE (DJD) CHRONIC INFLAMMATION OF JOINTS
RHEUMATIOD ARTHRITIS (RA) INFLAMMATORY CONNECTIVE TISSUE IN JOINTS DISEASE THAT IS PROGRESSIVE. SYSTEMIC AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE.
INFECTIOUS AND OR SEPTIC ARTHRITIS INFECTIOUS PROCESS. USUALLY AFFECTS SINGLE JOINTS. LIME DISEASE
GOUT (GOUTY ARTHRITIS) INFLAMMATORY,OFTEN AFFECTS THE JOINT OF THE GREAT TOE.
ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS (AS) INFLAMMATORY DISEASE THAT IS PROGRESSIVE. AFFECTS VERTEBRAL JOINTS AND INSERTION POINTS OF LIGAMENTS, TENDONS, AND JOINT CAPSULES. LEADS TO RIGID SPINAL COLUMN AND SACROILIAC JOINTS.
MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-FAMILIAL DISORDER PROGRESSIVE DEGENERATIVE MUSCLE DISORDER. MOST OFTEN AFFECTS BOYS
PRIMARY FIBROMYALGIA SYNDROME GENERALIZED ACHING AND PAIN, TENDER POINTS, FATIGUE, DEPRESSION. MIDDLE-AGED WOMAN
POLYMYOSITIS GENERAL MUSCLE INFLAMMATION CAUSING WEAKNESS
DERMATOMYOSITIS POLYMYOSITIS WITH RASH
OSTEOGENIC BONE CELLS
CHONDROGENIC CARTILAGE CELL
COLLAGENIC FIBROUS TISSUE CELL
MYELOGENIC MARROW CELL
OSTEOMA BENIGN. ABNORMAL OUTGROWTH OF BONE
CHONDROBLASTOMA RARE, USUALLY BENIGN
OSTEOSARCOMA MALIGNANT TUMOR OF LONG BONES, USUALLY IN YOUNG ADULTS, TYPICALLY CAUSES BONE PAIN
MULTIPLE MYELOMA MALIGNANT PLASMA CELLS IN SKELETAL SYSTEM AND SOFT TISSUE, PROGRESSIVE AND GENERALLY FATAL, USUALLY IN THOSE OVER 40
CHONDROSARCOMEA MALIGNANT CARTILAGE TUMOR, USUALLY IN MIDDLE-AGED AND OLDER PERSONS. LATE STAGES, SYMPOTOMS INCLUDE LOCAL W\SWELLING AND PAIN.
MUSCLE TUMORS RARE..RHABDOMYOSARCOMA IS AN AGGRESSIVE, INVASIVE CARCINOMA WITH WITH WIDESPREAD METASTASIS.



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