Chabner chapter 9 highted info for test 2


Question Answer
is the union of the nuclei of the female sex cell and the male sex cell Sexual Reproduction
Female sex cell (female gamete) Ovum
Each sex cell contains exactly ½ the #’s of chromosomes of a normal body cell metes Gametes
Male Sex Cell Sperm Cell
Gametes are produced in special organs called this in both male & females Gonads
The union of the ovum and sperm Fertilization
The fertilized egg Zygote
It is an EMBRYO 0-0 Weeks? 2-8 WEEKS
It is a Fetus for 0-0 weeks 8-38-40
The period of development within the uterus Gestation or Pregnancy
Secondary sex characteristics Body hair, breast development, structural changes in bones & fat
A new, blood vessel-rich lining called this develops to nourish the embryo, which implants in the uterine lining Placenta
The hormones of the ovaries Estrogen & Progesterone
Located at the base of the brain, secretes other hormones that govern the reproductive functions of the ovaries, breasts & uterus Pituitary Gland
Is the study of the female reproductive system Gynecology
Specialty concerned w/ pregnancy & delivery of the fetus Obstetrics
Study of the care and treatment of the newborn child Neonatology
The region bt the vaginal orifice & the anus Perineum
The external genitalia of the female Vulva
The structures associated with sexual activity External Genitalia
Within each ovary are thousands of small sacs called this. Each follicle contains an ovum. Ovarian Follicles
Is an ovarian structure Corpus Luteum
Is about 5 ½” long and lies near each ovary. Fallopian Tube
The fallopian tubes, ovaries and supporting ligaments Adnexa (accessory structures)of the Uterus
The Fallopian tubes (either one) lead to the? Uterus
A pear shaped organ Uterus
The rounded upper portion of the uterus Fundus
The larger central section of the uterus. Corpus(the body of the organ)
The specialized epithelial, inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus. Endometrium
The middle, muscular layer of the uterine wall Myometrium
The narrow, lower most portion of the uterus Cervix
In Latin the cervix means NECK
The cervical opening leads into a 3 inch long muscular, mucosa-lined canal called this, which opens to the outside of the body Vagina
Two Mammary Glands The breasts
The breast contain these Fibrous & fatty tissue, special lactiferous (milk carrying) ducts and sinuses that carry milk to the nipple
Giving birth Parturition
Secretion of milk Lactation
The 1st menstrual cycle, occurs at the onset of puberty Menarche
The ovum grows in the follicle during this period Menstrual Period
The empty follicle fills with a yellow material and is now this. It functions as an endocrine organ and secretes the hormone progesterone into the bloodstream. Corpus Luteum
This hormone stimulates the building up of the lining of the uterus in anticipation of fertilization of the egg and pregnancy Progesterone
If fertilization does occur in the fallopian tube the fertilized egg travels to? The uterus and implants in the endometrium
A vascular organ, now forms within the uterine wall Placenta
The inter most of the embryonic membranes, holds the fetus suspended in an amniotic cavity surrounded by a fluid Amnion
The fluid that surrounds the fetus in the amniotic cavity Amniotic Fluid
These two bloods never mix during pregnancy Maternal blood & Fetal blood
As the placenta develops in the uterus, it produces its own hormone called this. It confirms or denies that a woman is pregnant on a pregnancy test. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)
The events of menstruation and pregnancy depend not only on hormones from the ovaries but also on hormones from this? Pituitary Glands
The Pituitary Gland secretes these after the onset of menstruation. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH)_
Menopause signals what? The gradual ending of the menstrual cycle
ERT is short for what? Estrogen Replacement Therapy
Process of formation -Genesis
Pertaining To -IC
Vulva Episi/o
An incision through the skin of the perineum enlarges the vaginal orifice for delivery. The incision is repaired by Perineorrhaphy. Episiotomy
Uterus Hyster/o
Uterus Metr/o
Inflammation of the uterus Metritis
Abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods Menorrhagia
Excessive uterine bleeding during and between menstrual periods Menometrorrhagia
muscle My/o
Birth Nat/i
Perineum Perine/o
Fallopian tubes Salping/o
Uterus Uter/o
-gravida Pregnant
-Parous Bearing, bringing forth
-rrhea Discharge
Primi- First
Physicians perform endometrial biopsy, hysteroscopy, and dilation and curettage for diagnosis. D&C
Carcinoma of the Endometrium Endometrial cancer
Opening the cervical canal Dilation
Scraping the inner lining of the uterus Curettage(D&C)
Lei/o Smooth
Malignant tumor of the ovary Smooth
This tumor often is called a benign cystic Teratoma or Mature Teratoma Dermoid Cysts
Terat/o Monster
PID is an abbreviation for? Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Premature separation of the implanted placenta Abruptio Placenta
Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location Ectopic Pregnancy
Placental implantation over the cervical os (opening) or in the lower region of the uterine wall Placenta Previa
Abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, poteinuria (loss of protein in urine), and edema Preeclampsia
Most severe form of this condition. Eclampsia
Woman with severe preeclampsia have? Seizures
Destruction of tissue by burning. Destruction of abnormal tissue with chemicals, dry ice, or an electrically heated instrument Cauterization
Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue. Cryosurgery. Also called cryocauterization.
Pelvic exenteration Exenteration
Needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis Amniocentesis
C-section(abbr. 4) Cesarean Section
D&C(abbr. 4) Dilation and curettage
GYN(abbr. 4) Gynecology
OB(abbr. 4) Obstetric
PMS Premenstrual syndrome



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