Phlebotomy Chap 4 Medical Terminology


Question Answer
Medical terminology is a special vocabulary of ____ and ____ terms used in the healthcare professions to ____ and ____ effectively and precisely. of scientific and technical terms to speak and write effectively and precisely
Medical Terminology is based on an understanding of a few basic word elements primarily derived from ____ and ____ words that are used to form most _____ terms. from Greek and Latin words that are used to form most medical terms
Once the meanings of the word elements are known, the general meaning of most medical terms can be established. List The 4 basic word elements? are ___ roots, ____, _____ and _________ forms. are word roots, prefixes, suffixes and combining forms.
How do you determine the meaning of a medical term? Where do you start to break down the meaning? start with the suffix, then go to the prefix, and identify the meaning of the word root or roots last.
Word Roots: A word root is also(sometimes called a ___ ____) is the part of a _____ term that establishes its basic meaning, and the _____ upon which the true meaning is built. (sometimes called a word stem)is the part of a medical term that establishes its basic meaning and foundation upon which the true meaning is built.
The true meaning of a medical term is established by analyzing the other word elements such as ____ and ____ attached to the word root. prefixes and suffixes
What does A word root typically indicates? ____, ____, ____ ___, ____, ______, or _____. For example, the word root PHLEB means "____", a body _______. indicates a tissue, organ, body system, structure, substance, or condition.For example, the word root PHLEB means "vein", a body structure.
Some medical terms have more than one word root. The term Thrombophlebitis is made up of the word root PHLEB and the word root THROMB meaning "____" PHLEB and the word root THROMB meaning "Clot"
In a few instances a root will have several very different meanings, For example the root PED appears in words derived from both Greek and Latin words for "foot" How would you establish the meaning of the root in these cases? To establish the meaning of the root you would consider the context in which the word is used
A prefix is a word element, does it come (before or after) a word root? A prefix comes before a word root
How does a prefix modify the meaning of the word root? by adding information such as presence or absence, location, number or size.
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ADIP Meaning: FAT Example: ADIPOSE
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: AER Meaning: AIR Example: AEROBIC
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ANGI Meaning: VESSEL Example: ANGIOGRAM
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ARTERI Meaning: ARTERY Example: ARTERIosclerosis
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ARTHR Meaning: JOINT Example: ARTHRitis
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: BILI Meaning: BILE Example: BILIrubin
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: BRONCH Meaning: BRONCHUS Example: BRONCHitis
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: CARDI Meaning: HEART Example: electroCARDIogram
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: CEPHAL Meaning: HEAD Example: CEPHALic
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: CHONDR Meaning: CARTILAGE Example: osteoCHONDRitis
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: CRY Meaning: COLD Example: CRYoglobulin
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: CUTANE Meaning: SKIN Example: perCUTANEous
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: CYST Meaning: BLADDER Example: CYSTITIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: CYT Meaning: CELL Example: CYTOLOGY
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: DERM Meaning: SKIN Example: DERMIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: DERMAT Meaning: SKIN ExampleERMATITIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ENCEPHAL Meaning: BRAIN Example: ENCEPHALITIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ENTER Meaning: INTESTINES Example: ENTERITIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ERYTHR Meaning: RED Example: ERYTHROCYTE
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ESOPHAG Meaning: ESOPHAGUS Example: ESOPHAGITIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ESTR Meaning: FEMALE Example: ESTROGEN
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: FIBRIN Meaning: FIBER Example: FIBRINOLYSIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: GASTR Meaning: STOMACH Example: GASTROINTESTINAL
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: GLUC Meaning: SUGAR,GLUCOSE Example:GLUCOSE
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: GLYC Meaning: SUGAR,GLUCOSE Example: GLYCOLYSIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: HEM Meaning: BLOOD Example: HEMOLYSIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: HEMAT Meaning: BLOOD Example: HEMATOLOGY
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: HEPAT Meaning: LIVER Example:HEPATITIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: LEUK Meaning: WHITE Example: LEUKOCYTE
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: LIP Meaning: FAT Example: LIPEMIA
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: MY Meaning: MUSCLE Example: MYALGIA
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: NECR Meaning: DEATH Example: NECROSIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: NEPHR Meaning: KIDNEY Example: NEPHRITIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: ONC Meaning: TUMOR Example: ONCOLOGIST
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: OSTE Meaning: BONE Example: OSTEOPOROSIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: PATH Meaning: DISEASE Example: PATHOGEN
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: PHLEB Meaning: VEIN Example:PHLEBOTOMY
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: PULMON Meaning: LUNG Example: PULMONARY
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: REN Meaning: KIDNEY Example: RENAL
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: SCLER Meaning: HARD Example:SCLEROTIC
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: THROMB Meaning: CLOT Example: THROMBOSIS
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: THORAC Meaning: CHEST Example: THORACIC
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: TOX Meaning: POISON Example: TOXICOLOGY
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: VAS Meaning: VESSEL Example: VASCULAR
Give the meaning and example of medical word root: VEN Meaning: VEIN Example: VENIPUNCTURE
What does the prefix "a-" mean? prefix a- means without
So what does the word root Nuclear mean? it means a nucleus
so what does anuclear mean? anuclear means "without a nucleus"
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: A-, AN-, AR- Meaning: WITHOUT Example: ARRHYTHMIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: ANA- Meaning: AGAIN, UPWARD, BACK Example:ANABOLISM
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: ANISO- Meaning: UNEQUAL Example: ANISOCYTOSIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: ANTI- Meaning: AGAINST Example: ANTISEPTIC
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: BI- Meaning: TWO Example: BICUSPID
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: BIO- Meaning: LIFE Example: BIOLOGY
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: BRADY- Meaning: SLOW Example: BRADYCARDIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: CATA- Meaning: DOWN Example: CATABOLISM
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: CYAN- Meaning: BLUE Example: CYANOTIC
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: DYS- MeaningIFFICULT ExampleYSPNEA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: ENDO- Meaning:IN, WITHIN Example: ENDOTHELIUM
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: EPI- Meaning: ON, OVER Example: EPIDERMIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: EXO- Meaning:OUTSIDE Example:EXOCRINE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: EXTRA- Meaning:OUTSIDE Example:EXTRAVASCULAR
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: HETERO- MeaningIFFERENT Example:HETEROSEXUAL
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: HOMO- Meaning:SAME Example:HOMOGENEOUS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: HOMEO- Meaning:SAME Example:HOMEOSTASIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: HYPER- Meaning: TOO MUCH,HIGH Example: HYPERTENSION
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: HYPO- Meaning:LOW, UNDER Example:HYPOGLYCEMIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: INTRA- Meaning: WITHIN Example: INTRAMUSCULAR
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: INTER- Meaning:BETWEEN Example:INTERCELLULAR
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: ISO- Meaning: EQUAL, SAME Example: ISOTHERMAL
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: MACRO- Meaning: LARGE, LONG Example: MACROCYTE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: MAL- Meaning: POOR Example: MALNUTRITION
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: MICRO- Meaning: SMALL Example: MICROCYTE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: MONO- Meaning: ONE Example: MONONUCLEAR
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: NEO- Meaning: NEW Example: NEONATAL
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: POLY- Meaning: MANY, MUCH Example: POLYURIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: POST- Meaning: AFTER Example: POSTPRANDIAL
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: PRE- Meaning: BEFORE Example: PRENATAL
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: PER- Meaning: THROUGH Example: PERCUTANEOUS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: PERI- Meaning: AROUND Example: PERICARDIUM
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: SEMI- Meaning: HALF Example: SEMILUNAR
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: SUB- Meaning: BELOW, UNDER Example: SUBCUTANEOUS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: TACHY- Meaning: RAPID Example: TACHYCARDIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical prefix: TRI- Meaning: THREE Example: TRICUSPID
A suffix is a word element, does it come (before or after) a word root? A suffix comes after a word root. it is a word ending.
How does a suffix modify the meaning of the word root? It either changes or adds to the meaning or the word root.
Identify which is the Root and which is the suffix: GASTRIC GASTR is the root (Stomach)IC is the suffix (pertaining to)Therefore the word GASTRIC means pertaining to the stomach
When a Suffix begins with RH what is doubled and added to the ending of the word? The R is doubled as in HEMORRHAGE
When a Suffix is added to a word ending in X What is the X changed to ___ or ___? The Xis changed to a G or C as in Pharynx becoming PHARYNGEAL and Thorax becoming THORACIC.
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -AC,-AL Meaning: PERTAINING TO Example: CARDIAC,NEURAL
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -ALGIA Meaning: PAIN Example: NEURALGIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -AR, -ARY Meaning: PERTAINING TO Example: MUSCULAR, URINARY
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -ASE Meaning: ENZYME Example: LIPASE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -CENTESIS Meaning: SURGICAL PUNCTURE TO REMOVE FLUIDExample: THORACENTESIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -CYTE Meaning: CELL Example: ERYTHROCYTE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -EMIA Meaning: BLOOD CONDITION Example: ANEMIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -GRAM Meaning: RECORDING, WRITING Example: ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -IA Meaning: STATE OR CONDITION Example: HEMOPHILIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -IC Meaning: PERTAINING TO Example: THORACIC
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -ISM Meaning: STATE OF Example: HYPOTHYROIDISM
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -IST Meaning: ONE WHO SPECIALIZES IN Example: PHARMACIST
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -ITIS Meaning: INFLAMMATION Example: TONSILLITIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -RHAGE Meaning: BURSTING FORTH Example: HEMORRHAGE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -LOGIST Meaning: SPECIALIST IN THE STUDY OF Example: CARDIOLOGIST
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -LYSIS Meaning: BREAKDOWN, SEPARATION Example: HEMOLYSIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -MEGALY Meaning: ENLARGEMENT Example: ACROMEGALY
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -METER Meaning: INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES OR COUNTS Example: THERMOMETER
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -OLE Meaning: SMALL Example: ARTERIOLE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -OMA Meaning: TUMOR Example: HEPATOMA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -OSIS Meaning: CONDITION Example: NECROSIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -OXIA Meaning: OXYGEN LEVEL Example: HYPOXIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -PATHY Meaning: DISEASE Example: CARDIOOMYOPATHY
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -PENIA Meaning: DEFINCIENCY Example: LEUKOPENIA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -PNEA Meaning: BREATHING Example: DYSPNEA
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -POIESIS Meaning: FORMATION Example: HEMOPOIESIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -RRHAGE Meaning: EXCESS/ABNORMAL FLOW Example: HEMORRHAGE
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -SPASM Meaning: TWITCH, INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE MOVEMENT Example: ARTERIOSPASM
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -STASIS Meaning: STOPPING, CONTROLLING, STANDING Example: HEMOSTASIS
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -TOMY Meaning: CUTTING, INCISION Example: PHLEBOTOMY
Give the meaning and example of this common medical Suffix: -ULE Meaning: SMALL Example: VENULE
A word root combined with a vowel is called a what? a combining form.
What combining vowel is most frequently used? Vowel is "O"
When is a combining vowel added to a word root? It is added between two word roots or a word root and a suffix to make pronunciation easier.
What is a combining form? A root word combined with a vowel.
True or false? A combining vowel is kept between two word roots, even if the second root begins with a vowel? YES IT IS True:
True or False? A combining vowel is normally used when a suffix starts with a vowel? False: A combining vowel is NOT normally used when a suffix starts with a vowel
BREAKDOWN THE FOLLOWING WORD: give the word root,combining vowel or form, and suffix.GASTROENTEROLOGY Word root: GASTR (stomach) combining vowel Oword root: ENTER(intestines)combining vowel OSuffix: LOGY (study of)
What does the term GASTROENTEROLOGY MEAN? tHE STUDY OF THE STOMACH AND INTESTINES
WHAT IS THE TWO COMBINING FORMS IN THE WORD GASTROENTEROLOGY? GASTRO AND ENTERO
TRUE OR FALSE: THE WORD PHLEBITIS IS A GREAT EXAMPLE OF COMBINING FORMS. FALSE! Because the suffix -ITIS begins with a vowel, a combining vowel is not used after the word PHLEB.
Define the meaning of the word: PHLEBITIS Inflammation of a vein
Which is more important? To be able to identify the classification of a word element or be able to identify the meaning> It is more important to be able to identify the meaning of a word element Such as the word element PHASIA means speech,normally classified as a Suffix. It functions as a word root, however in the word APHASIA which means without speech, same meaning.
When dealing with unique plural endings it is important to ______ medical terms individually to determine the correct plural form? evaluate
How important is pronunciation in medical terminology? Medical terms must be pronounced properly to convey the correct meaning, which can be changed by even one mispronounced syllable.
What is the plural word ending for -A? -AE EX: VENA CAVAE (KA'VE)
What is the plural word ending for? -EN -INA EX: LUMINA (LU'MIN-A)
What is the plural word ending for? - EX, -IX -ICES EX:APPENDICES (A-PEN'DI-SEZ)
What is the plural word ending for? -IS -ESEX: CRISES (KRI'SEZ)
What is the plural word ending for? -NX -NGESEX:PHALANGES (FA-LAN'-JEZ)
What is the plural word ending for? -ON -AEX: PROTOZOA (PRO"TO=ZO'A)
What is the plural word ending for? -UM -A EX: OVA (O'VA)
What is the plural word ending for? -US -IEX: NUCLEI (NU'KLE-I)
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: AE PRONOUNCE THE SECOND VOWEL ONLY
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: CIF IT PRECEDES E, I, Y SOUNDS LIKE "S"
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: CIF IT PRECEDES OTHER VOWELS A, O, U HAS A HARD SOUND
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: G IF IT PRECEDES E, I, Y SOUNDS LIKE A "J"
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: GIF IT PRECEDES OTHER VOWELS A,O,U HAS A HARD SOUND
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: CH OFTEN PRONOUNCED LIKE A "K"
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: ESUCH AS WORD SYCOPE AND DIASTOLE MAY BE PRONOUNCED SEPARATELY IF AT THE END OF A TERM
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: ES MAY BE PRONOUNCED AS A SEPARATE SYLLABLE IF AT THE END OF A TERM
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: I PRONOUNCE LIKE "EYE" IF AT THE END OF A PLURAL TERM SUCH S FUNGI OR NUCLEI
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: PH PRONOUNCE WITH AN "F" SOUND AS IN PHARMACY
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: PN PRONOUNCE THE "N" SOUND ONLY IF AT THE START OF A TERM SUCH AS -PNEUMONIA
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: PNSUCH AS DYSPNEA OR APNEA pRONOUNCE BOTH LETTERS SEPARATELY IF IN THE MIDDLE OF THE TERM AS IN DYSPNEA AND APNEA
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES FOR THESE LETTERS: PS PRONOUNCE LIKE "S" AS IN PSEUDOPOD OR PSYCHOLOGY
ABGs ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES
ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM
a.c. BEFORE MEALS
ACTH ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE
ADH ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
ad lib AS DESIRED
AIDS ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME
ALL ACUTE LYPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA
ALT ALANINE TRANSAMINASE (SEE SGPT)
AML ACUTE MYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA
aq WATER (AQUA)
AST ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE (SEE SGOT)
ASO ANTISTREPTOLYSIN O
b.i.d. TWICE A DAY (bis in die)
bili bilirubin
BP blood pressure
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Bx Biopsy
C with (cum)
Ca calcium
CAD coronary artery disease
CBC complete blood count
cc*special note cubic centimeter* On the list of possible future additions to the "do not use" list
CCU coronary care unit
chem chemistry
chemo chemotherapy
CK creatine kinase
cm centimeter
CML chronic myelogenous leukemia
CNS CNETRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
CO2 CARBON DIOXIDE
COPD CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
CPR CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
crit hematocrit (see HCT)
C-section cesarean section
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT scan computed tomography scan
CVA Cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
CXR chest x-ray
DIC Disseminated intravascular coagulation
diff differential count of white blood cells
dil dilute
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOB date of birth
Dx Diagnosis
EBV EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS
ECG ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
EEG ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM
EKG ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
ENT EAR,NOSE, AND THROAT
Eos EOSINOPHILS
ER EMERGENCY ROOM
ESR ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE (SED RATE)
exc EXCISION
FBS FASTING BLOOD SUGAR
Fe IRON
FSH FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE
FUO FEVER OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN
gluc GLUCOSE
GI GASTROINTESTINAL
Gm, gm, g GRAM
GTT GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST
GYN GYNECOLOGY
h HOUR
Hb,Hgb HEMOGLOBIN
HBsAg HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGEN
HBV HEPATITIS C VIRUS
HCG HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN
HCL HYDROCHLORIC ACID
Hct HEMATOCRIT (SEE CRIT)
HCV HEPATITIS C VIRUS
HDL HIGH-DENSITIY LIPOPROTEIN
Hg MERCURY
HH (H&H) HEMOGLOBIN AND HEMATOCRIT
HIV HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
h/o HISTORY OF
H2O WATER
h.s. AT BEDTIME (HORA SOMNI)
hx HISTORY
ICU INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
IM INTRAMUSCULAR
IV INTRAVENOUS
IVP INTRAVENOUS PYELOGRAM
K+ POTASSIUM
Kg KILOGRAM
L LITER
L LEFT
Lat LATERAL
LD/LDH LACTIC DEHYDROGENASE
LDL LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
LE LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS(LUPUS)
lymphs LYMPHOCYTES
lytes ELECTROLYTES
m METER
MCH MEAN CORPUSCULAR HEMOGLOBIN
MCHC MEAN CORPUSCULAR HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION
MCV MEAN CORPUSCULAR VOLUME
mcg MICROGRAM
mets METASTASES
mg MILLIGRAM
Mg++ MAGNESIUM
MI MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
mL MILLILITER
mm MILLIMETER
mono MONOCYTE
MRI MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
MS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Na+ SODIUM
neg NEGATIVE
NG NASOGASTRIC
NPO NOTHING BY MOUTH (NULLA PER OS)
O2 OXYGEN
OB OBSTETRICS
O&P OVA AND PARASITE
OR OPERATING ROOM
oz OUNCE
P PULSE; PHOSPHORUS
Path PATHOLOGY
p.c.` AFTER MEALS
PCO2 PRESSURE OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE BLOOD
Peds PEDIATRICS
pH HYDROGEN ION CONCENTRATION (MEASURE OF ACIDITY OR ALKALINITY)
PKU PHENYLKETONURIA
PMNs POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES
PO2 PRESSURE OF OXYGEN IN THE BLOOD
p/o POSTOPERATIVE
p.o. ORALLY (PER OS)
polys POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES
pos POSITIVE
post-op AFTER OPERATION
PP AFTER A MEAL (POSTPRANDIAL)
PPD PURIFIED PROTEIN DERIVATIVE (TB TEST)
pre-op BEFORE OPERATION
prep PREPARE FOR
PRN, prn AS NECESSARY (PRO RE NATA)
PT PROTHROMBIN TIME /PROTIME
PTT PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME
pt PATIENT
PVC PREMATURE VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION
QNS,q.n.s. QUANTITY NOT SUFFICIENT
R RIGHT
RA RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
RBC RED BLOOD CELL OR RED BLOOD COUNT (ALSO rbc)
req REQUISITION
RIA RADIOIMMUNOASSAY
R/O RULE OUT
RPR RAPID PLASMA REAGIN
RT RESPIRATORY THERAPHY
RR RECOVERY ROOM
Rx TREATMENT
~S (CAP S WITH A LINE ABOVE THE S) WITHOUT
Sed rate ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE (ESR)
segs SEGMENTED WHITE BLOOD CELLS
SGOT SERUM GLUTAMIC-OXALOACETIC TRANSAMINASE (SEE AST)
SGPT SERUM GLUTAMIC-PYRUVIC TRANSAMINASE (SEE ALT)
SLE SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHATOSUS
SMAC SEQUENTIAL MULTIPLE ANALYZER CUMPUTERIZED
sol SOLUTION
Staph STAPHYLOCOCCUS
Sx SYMPTOMS
T TEMPERATURE
T3 TRIIODOTHYRONINE ( A THYROID HORMONE)
T4 THYROXINE
TB TUBERCULOSIS
T cells LYPHOCYTES FROM THE THYMUS
T&C TYPE AND CROSSMATCH (TYPE & X)
TIBC TOTAL IRON BINDING CAPACITY
TPN TOTAL PARENTERAL NUTRITION (INTRAVENOUS FEEDING)
TPR TEMPERATURE, PULSE AND RESPIRATION
Trig TRIGLYCERIDES
TSH THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE
Tx TREATMENT
UA, ua URINALYSIS
URI UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTION
UTI URINARY TRACT INFECTION
UV ULTRAVIOLET
VCU VOIDING CYSTOURETHROGRAM
VD VENERAL DISEASE
VDRL VENERAL DISEASE RESEARCH LABORATORY
W(W WITH A LINE THRU IT) WATER REACTIVE
WBC,wbc WHITE BLOOD CELL
wd WOUND
WT, wt WEIGHT
y/o YEARS OLD
To help reduce the number of medical errors related to incorrect interpretation of medical terminology, what commission issued a "Do not use list"? The JOINT COMMISSION
The___?_____commission issued a minimum list of dangerous ___?___, ___?__ and __?__that must be included on a "_?_ _?_ _?_" list by every organization it accredits. The joint commission issued a minimum list of dangerous abbreviations, symbols and acronyms that must be included on a "do no use" list by every organization it accredits.
the "Do Not Use" list applies to all _?_ and all __?____-related documentation that is handwritten, entered on computer or written on preprinted forms the "Do Not Use" list applies to all orders and all medication-related documentation that is handwritten, entered on computer or written on preprinted forms
True or False? The "Do not use" list applies to printed and electronic laboratory reports. False. The "Do not use" list applies to handwritten laboratory reports, butdoes not apply to printed and electronic laboratory reports.
True or False? Laboratories are also exempt from the ban on the use of trailing zeros when they are necessary to indicate the precision of test results? True.
What Institute has the (IOM)as its acronyms? IOM Institute of Medicine
You will need to study common symbols on page 133 Table 4-7. unable to translate symbols into this format You will need to study common symbols on page 133 Table 4-7. unable to translate symbols into this format
a pg133 symbols alpha
B pg133 symbols beta
8 pg133 symbols delta
y pg133 symbols gamma
/\sort of like an upside down V pg 133 symbols lamba
oo sort of an 8 on it's side pg133 symbols infinity
u see pg 133 symbols* special note micron *on the list of possible future additions to the "do not use" list
ug see pg 133 symbols *special note microgram *on the list of possible future additions to the "do not use" list
+ see pg 133 symbols plus, positive
- see pg 133 symbols minus, negative
= see pg 133 symbols equals
< see pg 133 symbols *special note less than *on the list of possible future additions to the "do not use" list
< with a line under the < see pg 133 symbols equal to or less than
> see pg 133 symbols *special note greater than *on the list of possible future additions to the "do not use" list
> with a line under the > see pg 133 symbols equal to or greater than
+ with a line under it see pg133 symbols plus or minus, positive or negative
R with a circle around it see pg 133 symbols registered trademark
TM see pg 133 symbols trademark
# see pg 133 symbols number, pound
% see pg 133 symbols percent
triangle see pg 133 symbols heat
the symbol with a circle on top and a plus below see pg 133 female
the symbol with a plus pointing at 1o'clock with a circle under it pg133 male
arrow up pg 133 symbols increase
arrow down pg 133 decrease
IU Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: mistaken for IV or 10(ten) Replace with: write "international unit"
U Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: mistaken for 0(zero),4(four),or cc Replace with: Write "unit"
MS Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: Can mean morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate Replace with:Write "morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate"
MSO4 and MgSO4 Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: can be confused with one another Replace with: write "magnesium sulfate or morphine sulfate"
Q.D., QD, q.d., qd (daily) Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: mistaken for each other Replace with: write "daily"
Q.O.D.,QOD., q.o.d, qod (every other day)Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: period after the Q mistaken for I and the O mistaken for IReplace with: write "every other day"
No leading zero (.X mg) Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: Decimal point is missed Replace with: Write "0.X mg"
Trailing zero(X.0 mg) *special note why? Joint commission "Do Not Use" List pg134list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: Decimal point is missed Replace with: Write "X mg" *a trailing zero may be used when it is needed to show the level of precision of the value being reported as in labtest results, imaging reports on the size of lesions, catheter/tube sizes
> (greater than) Possible future additions to "Do Not Use" List pg134 list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: misinterpreted as the # 7 Replace with: Write "greater than"
< (less than) Possible future additions to "Do Not Use" List pg134 list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: misinterpreted as the letter L confused with each other Replace with: Write "less than"
@ (at sign) Possible future additions to "Do Not Use" List pg134 list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: mistaken for the # 2 (two) Replace with:Write "at"
CcPossible future additions to "Do Not Use" List pg134 list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: Mistaken for U (units) if poorly written Replace with: Write "mL" or "milliliters"
u see pg134 table 4-9 for symbol clarificationPossible future additions to "Do Not Use" List pg134 list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: Mistaken for "mg" (milligrams) resulting in 1000-fold overdose Replace with: Write "mcg" or micrograms
Abbreviated drug names Possible future additions to "Do Not Use" List pg134 list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: Misinterpreted because many drugs have similar abbreviations Replace with: write drug names in full
Apothecary units Possible future additions to "Do Not Use" List pg134 list rationale and what to replace with ? Rationale: Unfamiliar to many practitioners confused with metric units Replace with: use metric units
A prefix is ? comes before a word root and modifies its meaning
A word root is ? Establishes the basic meaning of a medical term.
A suffix is ? follows a word root and adds to or changes its meaning
A combining vowel is ? Makes pronunciation of the term easier.
Which part of gastro/o/enter/o/logy is the suffix? Logy
To what part of the body does the work root hepat refer to? Liver
What does the suffix -algia mean? Pain
The pleural form of atrium is? ATRIA SEE PG 130 TABLE 4-4 IF ?'S
The medical term for red blood cell is Erythrocyte
The medical term for white blood cell is Leukocyte
The medical term for liver cell? Hepatocyte
The medical term for a clot cell? Thrombocyte
What does Cystitis mean? Inflammation of the bladder
The "e" is pronounced separately in which of the following?Diastole, systole, syncope or all of the above? All of the above
the abbreviation NPO means? Nothing by mouth
True or false: CC abbreviation is on the current Joint Commission "Do Not Use" list False. CC is on the Possible future additions to the do not use list by the joint commission.



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