Diagnostic Procedures of the Integumentary System

Term Definition
fungal, bacterial, viral cultures tissue scrapings, purulent (pus-filled) material, exudate (accumulated) fluid, or normal body fluids sent to a lab for identification of pathogenic organisms present
immunofluorescent studies for epidermal autoantibodies fluorescent studies of skin or blood serum under a microscopic to identify the specific, abnormal antibody proteins of some cutaneous diseases
KOH smears skin scrapings from suspect fungal lesions immersed in twenty percent aqueous potassium hydroxide and examined under the microscope for hypha (mold) or spores
skin biopsy removal of lesions for pathological examination, usually microscopic
skin tests for allergy or disease (. test, sratch test, intradermal test) three types of test procedures where the site becomes red and swollen when the results are positive after the indicatied period of time, tests reveal multinucleated giant cells
Tzanck smear test of fluid from base of a vesicle, fluid is applied to a glass slide, stained, and examined under microscope
Wood's light examination examination to detect fluorescent characteristic of certain skin infections (usually fungal) in which skin is viewed in a darkened room under ultraviolet light filtered through Wood's glass
antibody titer for viral, bacterial, fungal illness blood test used to determine whether the patient has or has had an infection
antinuclear antibody titer blood test used to screen for cutaneous lupus erythematosus and similar diseases of connective tissues
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) blood-screening test for certain bacterial antigens and antibodies, one of the primary tests for several infectious diseases
T3, T4, T7, TSH blood tests to determine thryoid function

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